Ecotourism is a practice of responsible traveling for the conservation of the environment. The conventional commercial tourism has negative impacts that culminate in degradation of nature. The ecotourism enables the tourists to admire, adore, enjoy and conserve the nature. Ecotourism emphasizes the sustainability of our planet which is at stake owing to accelerating industrial activities.
Furthermore, the industrial revolution has triggered the environmental pollution which is culminating in the destruction of nature. Furthermore, the urbanization has also minimized the natural areas and the accelerating urban developments are disturbing the equilibrium of the ecosystem.
Ecotourism and conservation of nature
Ecotourism ensures the protection and conservation of nature. The International Ecotourism Society defines the ecotourism as the responsible traveling that implies the protection of the environment and socio-economic well-being of the local people. Ecotourism not only emphasizes the conservation of nature but also the conservation of heritage and culture. The tourists should make a positive impact on the socio-economic conditions of the host regions. The activities of tourists should not damage the culture and environment of local areas.
Ecotourism promotes the visit of untouched areas to appreciate the beauty of nature. It invokes the sense of responsibility among tourists to play their role for the conservation of nature. It highlights the significance of natural areas for the sustainability of the entire ecosystem. Ecotourism focuses on the tourism practice that has minimum impact on nature. It enables the tourists to develop the insight into the negative effects of human activities on the nature. It invigorates the social responsibility of protecting the environment from the damaging commercial activities.
Ecotourism for conservation of biodiversity
Owing to the imbalance in the ecosystem, the survival of many species has been endangered. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has published the list of natural and cultural heritage. The conservation of endangered species and natural areas is crucial for the sustenance of our planet. Ecotourism also involves the activities for the conservation of endangered natural areas.
Moreover, the urbanization and commercial tourism have threatened the existence of some natural areas. The tourist can participate in activities that focus the fostering of biodiversity across the globe. Ecotourism focuses the integrity of ecosystem that has been threatened by growing economic activities.
Impact of Ecotourism on carbon footprint
The conventional commercial tourism promotes the activities that increase the carbon footprint of individuals. The increasing carbon footprint is causing global warming which eventually leads to climate change. The immense changes in climate are resulting in tsunamis, droughts and earthquakes across the globe.
Moreover, the climate change is also threatening the existence of some living beings that are crucial for the ecosystem. The United Nations Framework for Climate Change has predicted that the temperature of the earth will increase.
Ecotourism can play a significant role in avoiding the natural disasters occurring owing to the climate change. There is need to shift from conventional tourism to educate the people about the importance of environment conservation. The people should be encouraged to connect with nature for the sake of protecting their nature.
Another key purpose of ecotourism is the economic development of local communities. The tourism activities should create economic benefits for local people. This practice can reduce the urbanization and facilitate the people to maintain their connection with nature. The globalization has threatened the cultural integrity of many communities which is resulting in the loss of different cultures. The planned and managed ecotourism can save the prestigious cultures of different regions.
There are certain principles that must be followed to yield the desired results. The first principle is the minimal use of commercial products while traveling to minimize the carbon footprint. The tourists should avoid the contamination of natural areas during the traveling.
However, the second principle is respecting the culture of local people. The third principle is the socio-economic well-being of local people. The fourth principle is the education of tourists as well as the local people. Next time when you plan for a trip, be mindful of above the principles to conserve the nature.